According to the author, learning refers to acquiring knowledge and skills and having them readily available from memory to make sense of future problems and opportunities. Acquiring skills and knowledge is the way to learn. Your brain changes every time you learn something new- this concept is referred to as neuroplasticity. It is possible to become an effective and efficient learner over time.
One of the strategies that doesn’t work in learning is rereading. It is time consuming and only creates a false sense of familiarity of the subject. Another commonly used yet, ineffective strategy is massed practice, i.e. repetition of information to remember it effectively. These systems will cause you to feel like you are dominating these subjects, however you are definitely not. For genuine dominance over a subject, those two strategies shouldn’t be used.
Research suggests that people learn better when they engage as many as of their senses as they can.
Retrieval is a method to replace rereading. As you are learning, ask yourself questions related to the new terms, ideas and concepts of the subject instead of simply repeating and rereading the same information. This makes it easy to understand information and store it in your memory. The neural pathway in the brain gets stronger when you retrieve information from your memories. You discover what you really know.
Your learning is a lot more effective when the retrieval practice is spaced out. Continue to test your knowledge over time, instead of right after you learn it.
Interleaving refers to the practice of two or more subjects or skills during a single session. You can switch between a few subjects and keep coming back to them to test your knowledge. This will usually take up more time but will ensure learning.
Try to solve a problem before you have the solution or answer to it. At least attempt to solve it. This is what experiential learning is all about. Trial and error. Find out what you thought the answer would have been v/s what is really is.
Explain the learning in your own words. Give out reasons behind the concepts. Break it down.
Talk about it in your own words and associate it with what you definitely know.
Take some time to review what you have learnt and ask yourself questions that will help gather the necessary information.
These are instruments which permit you to put together enormous groups of data such that makes it simpler to review.
The key to having creative and innovative solutions is to store and recall these methods and strategies in your memory from time to time.